In this article, there are some points about advantages and disadvantages of Road Transport. If road transport has 100 advantages, it also has 50 disadvantages as every benefit has a cost. It is hard to mobilize a true economic potential of any country without road transport. At any level, you cannot compete if you cannot move people, goods and materials around efficiently and quickly. It is also considered as one of the most vital modes of transport as it benefits financially and increases the productivity of labor.
What is Road Transportation?
Road transport is a type of transport in which roads are used. It is one of the most famous modes of transport used for several purposes. This popular mode of transport is used by suppliers and businesses to deliver different types of order. Sometimes, it is the only option for carrying goods and people to and from some areas. Rural areas which are not catered to by rail, water or air transportation, people use this famous mode of transportation. Road has various merits but in spite of these merits, it has some major limitations. let’s have little on uses and benefits first;
What are the Advantages of Road Transport?
- Less Capital Investment
As compared to other modes of transport such as railway and air transport, road transport required less capital investment. Generally, roads are constructed by the government. For the use of these roads, small revenue is charged by the government. As compared to railway and air transport, the cost of constructing, operating and maintaining roads is quite cheaper.
- Service For Rural Areas
For carrying goods and people to and from rural areas which are not usually served by rail, air or water transport, this popular mode of transport is the most suited. The exchange of goods is made possible only through road transport.
- Fast Delivery
One of the outstanding Advantages of Road Transport is that it provides the facility of fast delivery. The goods are exchanged and delivered quite quickly. There are no worries of slow delivery.
- Best for Short Distances
In this form of transport, goods can be loaded into a road vehicle directly and then transported straight to the place of the destination. Road transport is more economic and quicker for carrying goods and people from one place to another.
- Warehouse to Warehouse Service
One of the most important advantages of the road transport is that it provides the facility of warehouse to warehouse or door to door service. This service by road transport reduces the expenses of cartage, loading and unloading.
Due to its flexible services, road transport has a great advantage over the other modes of transport. Without any inconvenience, the routes and timings can be adjusted and can be easily changed according to individual requirements.
- Less Packing Cost
In comparison of other modes of transport, the process of packing is less complicated in road transport. Goods transported in this mode of transport require less packing. Sometimes, there is no packing in several cases.
- Act as feeder to other modes of Transport
The movement and exchanging of goods begins and ends by making use of roads. Roads and motor are considered as a feeder to the other modes of transport such as railway and air transport.
What are the Disadvantages of Road Transport?
- Limited Speed:
As compared to some other modes of transport, road has comparatively slow and limited speed. Its slow speed is one of the smallest disadvantages of road transport.
In road transport, the chances of accidents and breakdowns increase. Thus, it is not considered safe for several kinds of purposes.
- Not suitable for Bulky Traffic:
Road transport is one of the modes of transport that is unsuitable for bulky goods. It is very dangerous to carry heavy and bulky goods by using roads. For transportation of the bulky goods, it is not very suitable.
- Costly for Long Distances:
This mode of transport is unsuitable for carrying cheap and bulky goods over a long distance. Road transport is one of the costly modes of transport if travelling over large distances and this is one of the most disappointing facts about road transportation.
- Less Organized:
As compared to the other mode of transport, road transport is the one which is less organized as it is usually irregular. It is also very undependable.
- Unstable rates of charges:
The rates charged for this mode of transportation are usually unstable. In comparison of other modes of transport, the rates charged by the road transportation are unequal.
- Not reliable
Road transport is considered as one of the unreliable modes of transport as it is not very reliable as compared to rail transport. It greatly depends on nature. During some seasons such as rainy or flood season, this mode of transport becomes unsafe and unfit.
In road transport, pollution is caused by vehicles which are injurious to human health. The vehicles are one of the major causes of air pollution in the world.
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