Connect with us

Tech

IQ OQ PQ: Quick Introduction

Published

on

IQ OQ PQ: Quick Introduction

When it comes to meeting regulatory requirements, sometimes the laundry list of abbreviations and terminologies involved in the validation process can be pretty confusing.  Even though IQ OQ PQ may not easily trip off your tongue, we can’t overestimate its importance in the quality assurance and qualification process.

To help you get started, we’ve put together a quick introduction to IQ OQ PQ.

What is IQ OQ PQ?

IQ OQ PQ stands for Installation Qualification, Operational Qualification, and Performance Qualification, respectively.  It refers to a series of sequential steps, procedures, or activities that heavily regulated industries must undertake to validate their new pieces of equipment, processes, and utilities.

The emphasis is on qualification, which encompasses the activities or procedures you must carry out to demonstrate that your equipment, processes, or utilities perform correctly and are suitable for their intended purpose.  Typically, you must undertake these critical steps before starting mass-production of highly regulated products like medical devices, vaccines, or medications.

The quality assurance process is broken into three phases: Installation Qualification (IQ), Operational Qualification (OQ), and Performance Qualification (PQ). Together, they’re known as IQ OQ PQ.

You can think of IQ OQ PQ as a set of activities.  The most important outcome of all three phases is a critical document that serves as evidence that qualification requirements have been met.

IQ OQ PQ is often an integral part of current good manufacturing practices (cGMP), so keeping accurate, complete, and verifiable records is vital.  IQ OQ PQ must follow the ALCOA rule of collecting data, meaning the records must be Attributable, Legible, Contemporaneous, Original, and Accurate.

What is Installation Qualification (IQ)?

As you might already suspect, IQ is the first step in the validation process. It involves acquiring and documenting evidence that the equipment has been delivered and set up on premises with supporting systems according to design specifications.

This phase aims to confirm that equipment specifications coincide with those provided by the process design (i.e., the equipment manufacturer).  This step also ensures that the piece of equipment has been correctly transported, delivered, and installed. Issues to check during the IQ phase may include:

  • Verifying the right piece of equipment was delivered
  • Determining if parts are missing or damaged
  • Ensuring intended hardware has been appropriately configured and meets applicable software requirements
  • Determining that material construction matches the design specifications

In practice, if you are adding a new piece of equipment, the design specifications should define precisely what is in it. That means everything from the exact materials used to make the item to the kind of power source it accepts.

IQ is a way of testing the equipment’s materials and evaluating the means of accommodating it. So, first, the organization will consider the equipment material, construction, and other design specifications.  For instance, if you specified that your manufacturing equipment should be constructed from 304 stainless steel, you’ll have to conduct a test to verify it is indeed built using 304 stainless.

Likewise, if you noted a three force power motor in your design specifications, you must verify it is a three force power motor. The same goes for power requirements, power output, and power source – they must all be consistent with your design specifications.

What is Operational Qualification (OQ)?

Next in the validation process is operational qualification.  As the name suggests, this phase is vital for challenging and verifying the operating parameters of the equipment, process, or utility after installation has been completed.

By definition, OQ is the process in which evidence is obtained and documented, often under controlled conditions, that the equipment and its supporting hardware and software perform as per the design specifications.  The goals for this phase are to verify that the equipment operates according to the design specifications, and determine how operational variables like pressure, humidity, and temperatures affect materials.

For example, if you specified that your machinery would run in the 100-200 RPM range, you’ll want to verify these operational parameters at this stage.  You can also determine if the safety systems are performing as described in the design specifications.  Are specified operating conditions resulting in desired outcomes?

For instance, if you ordered vaccine-grade freezers that meet the ultra-cold storage needs for the fully-approved Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, you must ensure that they will consistently maintain the ultra-freezing temperatures. The same is true of the equipment power usage and vaccine-holding capacity.

What is Performance Qualification (PQ)?

The third and final phase of the IQ OQ PQ validation process is performance qualification.  This step puts your new piece of equipment to the most crucial test: performance challenge!

Technically speaking, PQ is the phase that involves the collection and documentation of evidence that the equipment will consistently perform as intended.  Does your new utility, equipment, and its supporting system, as set up, perform according to the approved process specifications and method?

As you may have noticed, PQ sounds much like OQ.  Both involve challenging the equipment’s operational performance.  But there is a subtle difference. In the PQ phase, the equipment is challenged under real-world load rather than being tested under controlled conditions (i.e., when empty).

For instance, you can check that the equipment runs at a specified RPM when empty during the OQ phase.  But, at the PQ stage, you want to know if it indeed performs at the same RPM when processing actual products. Can the machine still achieve 200 RPM with 100 tons of materials?

The primary aim of the PQ phase is to test the equipment under authentic process conditions. One of the issues organizations check during this step may include if the process limits established during the operational qualification phase result in repeatable and stable production of desired products.

The phase can also dwell on the variability in results and process under many different conditions, such as when capacity is near empty, half capacity, and at full capacity.

When your equipment has successfully gone through and passed the three critical validation phases, it is ready for use in under intended process conditions.

Conclusion

IQ OQ PQ is a stepwise process that involves the three key phases of process or equipment validation: installation qualification, operational qualification, and performance qualification.  These cGMP protocols are all designed to validate that the equipment is well-made, installed correctly, and operates as intended.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Tech

Top 10 Salesforce Training Institutes in India

Published

on

Top 10 Salesforce Training Institutes in India

Salesforce certification in the domains of Administrator (SFDC ADM 201) and App Builder is available through Salesforce training in India. Through live projects, you will be able to master the Salesforce App Builder, Apex language, Visualforce, Force.com platform, and more. The following 10 experienced Salesforce training institutes in India can provide you with the best salesforce training in India.

CRS Info Solutions

Salesforce Administration and Development training is offered by CRS Info Solutions in India as an online virtual course. You will learn how to personalize your Salesforce program, including an introduction to cloud computing, workflow rules, updating records, automating emails, pricing, tab bar, relationship, roles, profiles, and dashboards in this Salesforce certification training.

Administrator, Development, Lightning Web components, and integration modules will take 8-10 weeks to complete due to the inclusion of a highly essential real-time project in our training curriculum. Your practice determines how long real-time projects last.

CRS Info Solution teachers have a minimum of 10 years of hands-on experience and competence in teaching Salesforce, and they make every effort to break down complicated concepts into simple modules. Expert trainers will take you through a hands-on Salesforce training and certification program in India, allowing you to improve your skills in Salesforce Administration and Development modules.

Simplilearn

The Salesforce Administrator certification training in Delhi provided by Simplilearn is meant to familiarize applicants with all of the core principles and practical experience required in the field of Customer Relationship Management. The Salesforce Administrator certification course in Delhi includes a thorough curriculum that covers all administrative features of the CRM platform. Candidates that are applying for the two Salesforce examinations would benefit greatly from this training.

Mindmajix

Mindmajix provides both online and self-paced videos for Salesforce training. The 30-hour Salesforce course covers the fundamentals of Salesforce, Visualforce, Apex, Triggers, data modeling and management, custom controllers, administration basics, and some advanced concepts such as Salesforce.

Besant Technologies

In India, Besant Technologies provides the most comprehensive industry-recognized Salesforce certification online training course. Additionally, the course is divided into two distinct domains, Salesforce Administrator and Salesforce Developer. You will be proficient in Salesforce and its related topics after completing this Salesforce certification online course.

Jeet Singh

Jeet Singh’s Salesforce Administrator Training Program is designed to equip you with the information and skills you’ll need to be a successful Salesforce Administrator. The course is meant to provide in-depth knowledge and concepts that are critical for a Salesforce Administrator’s day-to-day responsibilities. The training will also assist you in developing a firm understanding in preparation for employment interviews and certifications. The course includes various case studies and used cases, as well as practical scenarios and basic principles.

Capital Info Solutions

Capital Info Solutions is one of India’s best Salesforce training institutes, with locations in Hyderabad, Bangalore, and other parts of the country. We’ve been in the software training business for 9 years and have completed about 750 batches of each training course. We provide training in the classroom, online, and at the corporate level. Certification assistance is provided.

Intellipaat

Intellipaat provides industry-recognized Salesforce training, which is one of the best in India. Salesforce Administrator and Salesforce Developer are the two domains in which the course is divided. This course will teach you how to use Salesforce tools like the SFDC data model, Apex, Visualforce, and App Builder.

Croma campus

Croma Campus is an Indian-based Salesforce Online Training Institute that also offers courses with job placement assistance. The following are some of the features of the courses we offer:

  • In-depth knowledge of CRM
  • Updated course module
  • Ease of access and much more

Edureka

With instructor-led classrooms and self-paced Salesforce training, Edureka offers extensive Salesforce training in India for salesforce developers and management. You’ll know everything there is to know about Salesforce Instances, Salesforce’s platform, Salesforce’s database, application design, automation methods, project management, and so on.

Salesforce training India

SFDC India is a top salesforce CRM online training and certification institute. If you’re new to this technology, don’t worry; you’ve located a reputable provider of Salesforce Online Training in India.

Ending

CRS Info Solutions offers job-oriented Salesforce CRM Online Training in India to aspirants from all over the world. We have students from nearly every country. Because Salesforce is a global organization, you can learn and work from anywhere. Please feel free to call us with any questions or concerns you may have; we are always happy to assist you.

CRS Info Solutions is the best institute for practical-based Salesforce online training because the training is a 100 percent real-time training program in India by profound instructors with real experience that will give you more practical knowledge than academic, so CRS Info Solutions is the best institute for practical based Salesforce online training. Attend our free live demo class to see for yourself how good we are. Call +91-7013283324 right now.

Continue Reading

Tech

How to Save Money on Your Internet Plan

Published

on

How to Save Money on Your Internet Plan

With so many expenses to manage, we’re always looking for ways to spend a little less on the things we need the most. That includes our internet access, which has become an integral part of both our personal and professional lives. By following a few simple tips, you can find a great internet plan at a great price. Keep reading to learn how to save money on your internet plan.

Choose an internet plan that fits your needs.

The first factor to consider when looking at internet plans is your specific internet needs. Think about how you use the internet and what features are important to you. For example, if you only use the internet for basic activities like checking email and browsing the web, a low-cost, basic plan may be all you need. But if you use the internet for more intensive activities like streaming video or gaming, you’ll likely need a higher-priced plan with more data allowance and better internet speed.

Additionally, consider whether you want a contract or a month-to-month plan. A contract usually offers lower prices in exchange for committing to a year or two of service, while month-to-month plans typically have higher prices with no commitment required. Ultimately, finding the right plan comes down to understanding your usage habits and needs.

Shop around for the best deals and discounts.

When it comes to finding the best deal on your internet plan, you’ll want to shop around. Compare pricing from a few different providers in your area to see who can offer you the best deal. You may also be able to find bundle deals that include both internet and TV service, or phone and internet service.

Be sure to ask about any promotions or discounts that may be available, as well as any installation fees. And don’t forget to factor in the monthly cost of the plan itself, as well as any data caps and equipment fees that may apply. By doing your research and shopping around for the best deal, you can save yourself some money on your internet plan.

Do your research and read reviews.

It’s important to remember that not all internet service providers are the same. Some providers might have better customer service than others or might offer different features. It’s crucial to do your research before choosing a provider and make sure they offer the features and services that are important to you.

Next, take a look at customer reviews. Reading customer reviews can give you a good idea of what to expect from a provider. Are people happy with the service? Are there any common complaints? Does the provider implement frequent rate increases? There’s a lot of information out there about providers and plans, so make sure you take the time to do your research before you make a decision.

Consider a prepaid internet service plan.

Consider a prepaid internet service plan

Prepaid plans are a great way to save money on your internet plan because you only pay for the data that you use. This is a good option for those who only use the internet occasionally or have a limited data budget. A prepaid internet plan is also usually cheaper than a contract plan, making it perfect for those in need of a budget-friendly option.

Another benefit of prepaid plans is that they are often a lot cheaper than postpaid plans because you are not locked into a contract, making it easy to switch providers if you find a better deal. A prepaid internet plan is also typically a lot more flexible than a postpaid plan. This means that you can usually change your plan or data allowance at any time, without having to wait for your contract to expire.

Finally, prepaid plans often come with bonus features such as free calls and texts. This can be a great way to save money on your phone bills.

Continue Reading

Tech

How to Choose the Right Recruitment Software That Fits Your Needs

Published

on

Recruiting is a challenging and time-intensive process. There are numerous considerations that must be made to source and vet candidates effectively. Companies need the right tools to streamline and optimize the recruiting process. Recruitment agency software can simplify many of these processes, allowing companies to more easily source, vet, and interview candidates. The right software will also save you time by automating repetitive tasks. Whether you’re just getting started with recruiting or looking to update your existing system, this article will help you choose the right recruitment software for your company.

Define Your Recruiting Requirements

Before you start shopping for a new recruitment software, you’ll first need to understand your current requirements. This way, you can identify the features that are most important to you. This will help you to narrow down your options, making it easier to select the best software for your company. Here are some factors that you should take into account when defining your requirements: – The number of employees – The size of your company will determine the quantity of jobs that need to be filled. The number of employees at your company will dictate how many roles you’ll need to fill and the volume of candidates you need to source. – Job types – The type of jobs that need to be filled will identify the skills and experience required to fill them. It will also guide the sourcing strategy you’ll need to use to find the right candidates. – Location – The location of your company, as well as the locations of your employees, will determine where you’ll need to source candidates from. – Growth strategy – Your company’s growth strategy will determine how quickly you’ll need to fill positions. It will also influence the sourcing strategy that you need to use.

How to choose a recruitment software

There are many options to choose from when selecting a recruitment software. Although all of these products have the potential to help streamline your recruiting efforts, not all of them are created equal. Therefore, it’s important to choose wisely and select a software that will meet your specific needs. It’s also important to keep in mind that no two recruitment software systems are created equal. They do not all provide the same functionality, nor are they all priced the same. Therefore, the best way to choose a recruitment software is to assess your options to find the best solution for your company.

Assessing Software Partners

If you’re looking to purchase a recruitment software, there are several vendors from which you can choose. However, not all of these vendors provide the same level of functionality. Therefore, it’s important to select wisely and find the best software for your company. Selecting the right vendor will ensure that you get the best value for your money. When assessing software vendors like Recruiterflow, you should start by considering the following factors: – The reputation of the vendor – You can view reviews, ratings, and websites of customers that have used the vendor’s products. This will give you an idea of how satisfied customers are with the vendor’s products. It will also give you a sense of how responsive the vendor is to customer feedback. – The functionality of the product – You should review the functionality of the product to see if the vendor’s solution meets your requirements. Keep in mind that functionality may change over time as the product is updated. You should select a vendor that is open and transparent about communicating any future changes.

Important features to look for in recruiting software

There are many features to look for when selecting a recruitment software. Some of these features include:

– Customer support – Customer service is an important consideration when selecting a vendor. You want to select a vendor that offers prompt and professional support. If the vendor is slow to react to and resolve customer issues, then you may run into issues when you need help with the product in the future.

– The platform and onboarding process – The platform that the vendor’s product is built on will play a role in how easily the software is implemented at your company. It will also determine how easy it is to use the product. Additionally, you should keep in mind that the onboarding process will dictate how long it will take for the product to be fully functional.

– The recommended user roles – The recommended user roles will identify the different departments at your company that will need access to the product. It will also indicate where the product can be integrated into your existing workflow.

– The data and reporting options – You should review the data and reporting options to determine what information is available to you and your team. This will help you to make more informed staffing decisions.

Cost and ROI

The cost of a recruitment software will vary depending on the vendor and the features that you choose. However, the best way to select a recruitment software is to choose the solution that will provide value for money. That said, you should consider the following before you purchase the first recruitment software that you come across: – Timeline – How quickly do you need to implement the product? Is there a specific time frame within which you need to have the product fully functional? – Budget – How much funding do you have available to spend on a new recruiting tool? What is the company’s budget for hiring solutions? – Growth strategy – How quickly does your company plan to expand? What is your hiring strategy for the next year?

Wrapping up

Selecting the right recruitment software is important, but it isn’t always easy. You’ll need to consider many factors, such as the size of your company, job types, and the desired functionality of the product. You’ll also need to factor in budget and timelines. If you follow these tips, you’ll be able to select a recruitment software that meets the needs of your company. And, you’ll be able to streamline your recruiting efforts, saving time and money in the process.

 

Continue Reading

Trending