IQ OQ PQ: Quick Introduction
When it comes to meeting regulatory requirements, sometimes the laundry list of abbreviations and terminologies involved in the validation process can be pretty confusing. Even though IQ OQ PQ may not easily trip off your tongue, we can’t overestimate its importance in the quality assurance and qualification process.
To help you get started, we’ve put together a quick introduction to IQ OQ PQ.
What is IQ OQ PQ?
IQ OQ PQ stands for Installation Qualification, Operational Qualification, and Performance Qualification, respectively. It refers to a series of sequential steps, procedures, or activities that heavily regulated industries must undertake to validate their new pieces of equipment, processes, and utilities.
The emphasis is on qualification, which encompasses the activities or procedures you must carry out to demonstrate that your equipment, processes, or utilities perform correctly and are suitable for their intended purpose. Typically, you must undertake these critical steps before starting mass-production of highly regulated products like medical devices, vaccines, or medications.
The quality assurance process is broken into three phases: Installation Qualification (IQ), Operational Qualification (OQ), and Performance Qualification (PQ). Together, they’re known as IQ OQ PQ.
You can think of IQ OQ PQ as a set of activities. The most important outcome of all three phases is a critical document that serves as evidence that qualification requirements have been met.
IQ OQ PQ is often an integral part of current good manufacturing practices (cGMP), so keeping accurate, complete, and verifiable records is vital. IQ OQ PQ must follow the ALCOA rule of collecting data, meaning the records must be Attributable, Legible, Contemporaneous, Original, and Accurate.
What is Installation Qualification (IQ)?
As you might already suspect, IQ is the first step in the validation process. It involves acquiring and documenting evidence that the equipment has been delivered and set up on premises with supporting systems according to design specifications.
This phase aims to confirm that equipment specifications coincide with those provided by the process design (i.e., the equipment manufacturer). This step also ensures that the piece of equipment has been correctly transported, delivered, and installed. Issues to check during the IQ phase may include:
- Verifying the right piece of equipment was delivered
- Determining if parts are missing or damaged
- Ensuring intended hardware has been appropriately configured and meets applicable software requirements
- Determining that material construction matches the design specifications
In practice, if you are adding a new piece of equipment, the design specifications should define precisely what is in it. That means everything from the exact materials used to make the item to the kind of power source it accepts.
IQ is a way of testing the equipment’s materials and evaluating the means of accommodating it. So, first, the organization will consider the equipment material, construction, and other design specifications. For instance, if you specified that your manufacturing equipment should be constructed from 304 stainless steel, you’ll have to conduct a test to verify it is indeed built using 304 stainless.
Likewise, if you noted a three force power motor in your design specifications, you must verify it is a three force power motor. The same goes for power requirements, power output, and power source – they must all be consistent with your design specifications.
What is Operational Qualification (OQ)?
Next in the validation process is operational qualification. As the name suggests, this phase is vital for challenging and verifying the operating parameters of the equipment, process, or utility after installation has been completed.
By definition, OQ is the process in which evidence is obtained and documented, often under controlled conditions, that the equipment and its supporting hardware and software perform as per the design specifications. The goals for this phase are to verify that the equipment operates according to the design specifications, and determine how operational variables like pressure, humidity, and temperatures affect materials.
For example, if you specified that your machinery would run in the 100-200 RPM range, you’ll want to verify these operational parameters at this stage. You can also determine if the safety systems are performing as described in the design specifications. Are specified operating conditions resulting in desired outcomes?
For instance, if you ordered vaccine-grade freezers that meet the ultra-cold storage needs for the fully-approved Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, you must ensure that they will consistently maintain the ultra-freezing temperatures. The same is true of the equipment power usage and vaccine-holding capacity.
What is Performance Qualification (PQ)?
The third and final phase of the IQ OQ PQ validation process is performance qualification. This step puts your new piece of equipment to the most crucial test: performance challenge!
Technically speaking, PQ is the phase that involves the collection and documentation of evidence that the equipment will consistently perform as intended. Does your new utility, equipment, and its supporting system, as set up, perform according to the approved process specifications and method?
As you may have noticed, PQ sounds much like OQ. Both involve challenging the equipment’s operational performance. But there is a subtle difference. In the PQ phase, the equipment is challenged under real-world load rather than being tested under controlled conditions (i.e., when empty).
For instance, you can check that the equipment runs at a specified RPM when empty during the OQ phase. But, at the PQ stage, you want to know if it indeed performs at the same RPM when processing actual products. Can the machine still achieve 200 RPM with 100 tons of materials?
The primary aim of the PQ phase is to test the equipment under authentic process conditions. One of the issues organizations check during this step may include if the process limits established during the operational qualification phase result in repeatable and stable production of desired products.
The phase can also dwell on the variability in results and process under many different conditions, such as when capacity is near empty, half capacity, and at full capacity.
When your equipment has successfully gone through and passed the three critical validation phases, it is ready for use in under intended process conditions.
IQ OQ PQ is a stepwise process that involves the three key phases of process or equipment validation: installation qualification, operational qualification, and performance qualification. These cGMP protocols are all designed to validate that the equipment is well-made, installed correctly, and operates as intended.
Know All The Things About iTop VPN
If you want a secure and reliable VPN service, check out VPN Windows. This provider offers a wide range of features and benefits, making it a great choice for anyone looking for a VPN solution. In this article, we will examine what iTop VPN is and what it can offer you.
What is an iTop VPN?
iTop VPN is a Virtual Private Network service offered by the IT company iTop. The service lets users connect to the Internet anonymously and securely using a shared IP address. iTop VPN encrypts all data transmitted between the user’s computer and the iTop servers, making it impossible for anyone to eavesdrop on the user’s Internet activity.
iTop VPN is very easy to use. Install the iTop VPN software on your computer and then connect to the Internet through the iTop VPN servers. Your computer will be assigned a new, anonymous IP address, and your Internet traffic will be securely encrypted.
iTop VPN is an excellent way to keep your online activity private and secure. With iTop VPN, you can browse the Internet anonymously without worrying about anyone eavesdropping your activity.
What are the benefits of using iTop VPN?
If you’re looking for a VPN service that is both reliable and affordable, then you should check out iTop VPN.
iTop VPN is one of the most affordable VPN providers on the market. Their monthly plans start at just $4.99 and offer discounts for longer-term plans. This makes iTop VPN a great option for those on a budget.
Wide range of features
iTop VPN offers a wide range of features, making it a great choice for individuals and businesses. Some of the features offered include:
- AES-256 bit encryption
- Unlimited bandwidth
- 24/7 customer support
- Over 50 server locations
How to set up iTop VPN on your device?
Assuming you have already downloaded and installed the iTop VPN app on your device, here are the steps you need to follow to set up the VPN:
- Open the iTop VPN app and click the ‘Settings’ icon.
- Select the ‘Connect on startup’ option in the’ General’ tab.
- In the ‘Country’ tab, select the country from which you want to connect to the Internet.
- Select the’ UDP’ option in the ‘Protocol’ tab.
- In the ‘Advanced’ tab, select the ‘DNS’ option and enter the DNS address of your choice.
- Click the ‘Connect’ button to establish the VPN connection.
How to use iTop VPN?
Here are five tips on how to get the most out of your iTop VPN experience:
- Make sure to download the latest version of the iTop VPN client from the website. This will ensure that you have the most up-to-date security features and performance.
- When you launch the iTop VPN client, you will be prompted to select a server location. Choose the server closest to your current location for the best performance.
- Once connected to a server, you can browse the Internet as usual. However, keep in mind that your VPN may block some websites. If you encounter a blocked website, you can try connecting to a different server location.
- Top VPN offers a variety of security features to keep your data safe. Enable the “Kill Switch” and “DNS Leak Protection” features when prompted.
iTop VPN has several features that make it a good choice for a VPN provider. This VPN is very easy to use, even for those new to VPNs. Their software is available for Windows and Mac and is very user-friendly. Setting up and using iTop VPN is a breeze, and their customer support is always available to help if you have any questions.
Robot Delivery: Why Physical Dimensions And System Performance Are Important
Robot delivery is an exciting new development in the food service industry, and it has the potential to revolutionize the way that food is delivered to customers. A number of factors need to be considered when designing a robot delivery system, and one of the most important is the robots’ physical dimensions and system preference.
Know about Importance of physical dimensions and system performance
To get the right food ai delivery robot, you need to look at the weight of the robot. The weight of the robot will determine how well it will be able to navigate on different types of surfaces. The 40 kg weight is great for any robotic delivery and the Lucki robot has this weight. And the device’s battery life will determine how long it can operate before it needs to be recharged. If you expect to use your delivery robot for long periods, you will want to choose a device with a long battery life. Below we mention the physical dimension and system performance importance separately:
Physical dimensions of the ai food delivery robot
When choosing the right delivery robot for your needs, one of the most important factors to consider is the device’s size. The device’s physical dimensions will determine how much space it will take up in your facility and how well it will be able to maneuver in tight spaces. The robot Lucki has 526mm×493mm×1320mm, which means it can easily pass through the spaces. You should get a delivery robot that is compact enough to maneuver easily in tight spaces.
Cruising speed and navigation system of the ai food delivery robot
The type of terrain that the robots will be operating on is another important consideration. The cruising speed at which the robots can travel is also critical. If the robots are fast enough, the system will be able to keep up with customer demand. If the robots are fast enough, they may be able to navigate through the environment safely. The robot needs to be able to navigate to the delivery destination without getting lost or taking too long. It also needs to be able to avoid obstacles and navigate around people. The robot should also be able to communicate.
The operating system of the food ai delivery robot
It would be best to have a deeply customized Robot OS operating system based on Android 9.0 food ai delivery robot. One benefit is that it allows for more accurate and efficient food delivery. With this system, you can program the robot to follow a set delivery route and make any necessary adjustments along the way.
This helps ensure that the food delivery is made in a timely and efficient manner. Additionally, this system can prevent food waste by making sure that the food is delivered to the correct location and by the correct person. The OrionStar ai robot Lucki has a Deeply customized Robot OS operating system based on Android 9.0
Robots can range in price due to their features. You’ll need to consider the upfront cost of the robot, as well as the ongoing costs of maintenance and operation. Implementing robot delivery can be a great way to improve the efficiency of your food service business.
Why You Need To Buy Delivery Robot For Restaurant
If you want to buy delivery robot, then you need to read this post. AI Robots are increasingly becoming a staple in the restaurant industry as they help to automate various tasks. Delivery robots are beneficial as they can free staff from making trips to deliver food to customers, allowing them to focus on other tasks. The type of delivery robot a restaurant chooses will likely depend on the type of food they serve and the distance the robot will need to travel.
How the Delivery Robot Works
A restaurant’s AI delivery robot helps to take orders and deliver them to customers. A robot such as Lucki has 3D depth detection. These 3d depth detection features help navigate to the customer’s location by avoiding hurdles or other things in the routes. This type of system in robots scans the surroundings and sends the signal without delay so the robot can keep working. In this way, it can deliver the food without bumping into things. Moreover, this type of system helps robots to work continuously with smoothness.
The delivery robot equips with a Dual SLAM system, which allows the robot Lucki to recognize location markers. This is a great feature, as the restaurant can handle the delivery robot getting lost at night.
How to Get Started with a Delivery Robot
Are you looking to add a AI delivery robot to your restaurant? Whether you’re looking to add an extra touch of customer service or you’re looking to cut down on your delivery costs, delivery robots are a great option for restaurants of all sizes. You can check the Orionstar website for food delivery robots. Here’s a quick guide on how to get started with a delivery robot for your restaurant:
Decide on the type of delivery robot you want.
Many types of robots, such as ground-based robots, are more common and less expensive. Choose a delivery robot that fits your restaurant’s needs. A variety of delivery robots are available, so it’s important to choose one that fits the needs of your restaurant. For example, suppose you have a large restaurant with many deliveries. In that case, you’ll want a delivery robot that can carry many orders. If you have a smaller restaurant, you may wish for a delivery robot that’s more compact and easier to manoeuvre.
Train your staff on how to use the delivery robot.
Once you’ve chosen a delivery robot, training your staff on how to use it is important. However, you will not need to spend hours on it because it is straightforward. This includes everything from setting up the robot to loading it with orders. Training your staff will help ensure that the delivery robot is used correctly.
Implement the delivery robot into your restaurant’s workflow.
Once your staff is trained on the delivery robot, you must integrate it into your restaurant’s workflow. This includes figuring out where the delivery robot will be stored when not in use and how orders will be delivered to the robot.
Here we have guided you about what to look for when buying delivery robots. The tips mentioned above will help you choose the robot to help your restaurant grow. Once you’ve implemented the delivery robot into your restaurant, promote it to your customers.
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