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Leprosy: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Complications

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Leprosy is an infectious disease affecting the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, and the eyes. Leprosy is curable and disability can be prevented if treated early. It occurs by Mycobacterium leprae, an acid-fast, rod-shaped bacillus, and can be treated with multidrug therapy (MDT).

Leprosy can be transmitted through droplets, from the nose and mouth, during close and frequent contact with untreated cases. 

The infection can disorder autonomic nerves that provide penile arterial dilatation and trabecular smooth muscle relaxation, causing low libido. Initially, people with leprosy symptoms like low libido try self-medication (Cenforce 200), worsening their condition.

Leprosy, also called Hanson’s disease, can transmit through close and repeated contact with an infected person’s nose and mouth droplets. Children are at a higher risk of developing leprosy than adults.

What Are The Symptoms Of Leprosy?

The main symptoms of leprosy include:

  • Weakness of the muscles
  • numbness in the body parts like hands, arms, feet, and legs
  • skin lesions

Skin lesions can make your infected part so numb that you may not feel many sensations like touch, temperature, or pain. The bitter truth is, skin lesions don’t heal even after several weeks. Instead, they appear lighter than the normal skin tone. 

The symptoms may vary with the site of infection. For example, if the infection affects the eye, it may cause blindness. Similarly, if the testicles get infected, it may increase the risk of low testosterone levels or infertility.

Depending upon the severity, age, and other factors the doctor may recommend polypharmacy (combination therapy). For example, if a leprosy-infected man has infertility complications, the doctor may prescribe other medicines like Cenforce 200 with leprosy medication. Cenforce 200 contains Sildenafil Citrate, a PDE5 inhibitor group of medicine that directly works on the PDE5 enzyme, resolving the complication. 

Note: This doesn’t mean Cenforce 200 can be used as a frontline treatment for any infertility complications; let the doctor decide. It is because Cenforce 200 also has some limitations, it can be dangerous among heart patients. Similarly, there are other limitations too. You don’t know what effects of Cenforce 200 can be beneficial or harmful for you. So, always consult your doctor before taking Cenforce 200 or any other medicine.

What Causes Leprosy?

The bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae) causes leprosy infection. It isn’t that clear how the infection spreads, but as per the case studies, Mycobacterium leprae can be transmitted through coughs or sneezes(water-air droplets). However, close contact with the infected person is needed for the transmission of infection.

Mycobacterium leprae multiples slowly with an average incubation period of five years, says the WHO. 

How Is Leprosy Diagnosed?

Leprosy can cause skin lesions. Therefore, the doctor will try to examine the inflamed area of infection under close observation. This procedure is called Biopsy; the doctor will take a sample of the inflamed skin for a skin smear test. 

Depending upon the types, diagnosing tests are performed. For example, paucibacillary leprosy doesn’t show the presence of any bacteria in the result, but the bacterias can be detected in the case of multibacillary leprosy.

Therefore, doctors may also recommend a lepromin skin test to detect its type. This procedure involves the injection of inactive leprosy, causing bacteria into the body. Inactive leprosy will cause spots at the site in injection after 3 to 28 days. The appearance of the spots indicates the presence of tuberculoid or borderline tuberculoid leprosy. If a person doesn’t experience any spots, either he is not infected or has lepromatous leprosy.

How is leprosy treated?

Leprosy is curable; in the last 2 decades, 16 million leprosy-infected people have been treated. In 1995, WHO developed a multidrug therapy to cure all types of leprosy for free. There are several antibiotics for treating Mycobacterium leprae, such as:-

  • Ofloxacin (Ocuflux)
  • Rifampin (Rifadin)
  • Dapsone (Aczone)
  • Minocycline (Minocin)
  • Clofazimine (Lamprene)

Not all antibiotics can be used, depending on the type of leprosy the doctor will prescribe the antibiotics. These antibiotics can be prescribed for a long-term duration; often 6-12 months. However, the duration may increase if the person is severely infected. Therefore, the duration of the treatment depends on the severity of the infection.

Multidrug therapy (MDT) is the most common way of treating leprosy infection. MDT means the person may have to consume different antibiotics as a combination treatment, such as:-

  • For paucibacillary leprosy, the doctor may prescribe Dapsone and Rifampicin as combination therapy.
  • People infected with Multibacillary leprosy may have to consume Clofazimine along with Dapsone and Rifampin as a combination treatment

Are There Any Complications Of Leprosy?

Delayed diagnosis and treatment of leprosy can result in permanent damage to the muscles, skin, nerves, and other complications, such as:-

  • Glaucoma or blindness
  • Loss of hair, eyebrows, or eyelashes
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nerve damage in the arms and legs can be permanent
  • Dysfunctioning of hands and feet
  • Chronic nasal congestion
  • Nose Bleeding or the risk of collapse of the nasal septum
  • Iritis
  • Kidney failure
  • Difficulty in erection
  • Infertility

Leaving leprosy untreated can lead to some of the complications mentioned above. Depending on these, the doctor will decide the type of combination treatment. For example, in the case of glaucoma, the doctor may prescribe Careprost containing Bimatoprost, a topical ophthalmic that helps to resolve glaucoma symptoms by lowering pressure inside the eye.

Similarly, leprosy men having difficulty with erection may be asked to consume Cenforce 200 or Cenforce of other strength in a combination treatment. Cenforce 200 contains Sildenafil Citrate so the doctor will prescribe leprosy medicine keeping Sildenfil’s interaction in mind. Cenforce 200 has Sildenafil Citrate, which is FDA approved. So, consult all your complications in detail with the doctor for better treatment. 

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Health

5 Tips to Serve Meal in Food Boxes

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5 Tips to Serve Meal in Food Boxes

With the spread of the COVID-19, the operational trends of the catering industry have changed drastically. Instead of serving foods on traditional plates or arranging buffets, boxed meals have become quite common.

Serving meal boxes instead of traditional buffets has become much more common as convenient and safe, especially during this pandemic. Catering food boxes are a healthier choice for the kids as well as the adults.

Let’s discuss how catering companies can make these food boxes more presentable and ensure that the food stays fresh in them.

5 Tips to Deliver/Serve Fresh Food in Meal Boxes

Here are a few ways through which event caterers can take maximum advantage of meal boxes and ensure that the guests love and remember the experience for a longer time.

1.   Choose the Right Food

If you want to serve the food in meal boxes in any event, the first and foremost thing you need to consider is choosing the right food. You have to make sure that the food you select stays fresh even when packed.

Bring into consideration a few crucial factors, such as climatic conditions. Your objective should be to decide the menu that works best in a food box.

Avoid choosing anything that is heavily greasy because it may soak through the packaging. Similarly, avoid choosing heavily breaded foods because they may become soggy when closed in a box with steam. Never pack seafood or boiled eggs in the boxes because the minute the guest opens the box, he will experience an unpleasant smell.

You can include foods that are best enjoyed at room temperature or slightly chilled temperature.

2.   Make Adjustments to Ensure Your Food Stays Fresh

Once the food menu has been decided, the second thing you need to do is make adjustments that can help uphold the integrity of the food for as long as possible. For example, you can use mayonnaise-based spread for sandwiches that contain tomato. Doing this will not allow the juice to seep into the bread.

Similarly, skip using limp lettuce and add dressing in a small container instead of pre-dressing the salads.

3.   Label the Food Boxes

Labeling the catering boxes is incredibly important. Labeling is considered the best part of the distribution process. At the same time, it is important to inform your staff to handle the food boxes with ultimate care.

Another benefit of labeling is that, even if you fail to inform your staff about the food, they will know about it and eventually handle the food boxes with utmost care.

4.   Improve the Presentation of Food

There is no doubt that boxed food does not allow the catering company the luxury of making a statement when compared with stunning table settings and creative buffets. That’s where food presentation comes into play.

To make a good statement and deliver the best to your client, chefs and event caterers need to improve the presentation of the delivered food.

One of the best ways of improving the presentation is by placing a bed of greens or a few slices of Kiwi in the food box. Sometimes a fresh flower serves the purpose as well.

5.   Deliver/Serve Timely

The last important factor that improves the outcome of delivering food boxes is, serving or delivering the food boxes in a timely. The event planners and caterers must ensure that the boxes are served to the guests timely. Only then food stays enjoyable and safe.

All these factors add up to improve the efficiency of meal boxes and make sure that your guests love this food experience.

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What is the Cheapest Way to get 100 grams of Protein Per Day?

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Protein is essential to a healthy life. It is naturally obtained through various foods and drinks. One can also use protein powders that can add to the required protein necessity for the day. Since different diets can provide different amounts of protein, it is necessary to take additional amounts as supplements to stay strong and healthy. One can find the best cheapest whey protein available online easily.

Many foods can provide protein which, combined with the best supplements, can be extremely advantageous to health. Oats is the best cereal to consume since it has the most protein and can also fulfil hunger. One can also consume channa, peanuts, or soya as an evening snack with some seasoning to make it super delicious. Meat is also one of the most proteinaceous foods, but it can be expensive to consume it daily.

Here are some whey protein supplements that can help with the intake of at least 100 grams of protein a day:

1) DREXSPORT Grass-fed Whey Protein Powder

This whey protein powder is the lowest price whey protein powder with 1 Kg goodness for an affordable price. It is organic and grass-fed, which can be consumed by both men and women. This supplement can help with weight management and loss, along with building and maintaining muscles. It guarantees a pure supplement with no mix of other proteins like soy, corn or wheat. There are no impurities, sugars, or substitutes that may harm an individual. This is the best supplement for someone who is looking for a vegetarian alternative to supplements. This product has maximum safety since there are no heavy metals, pesticides, toxins, or illegal substances.

2) MuscleBlaze Raw Whey Protein Concentrate 

This product is one of the safest products since it is tested and certified for its standards by Labdoor. There is no amino spiking, and it is free of heavy metals as well. It fits any type of consumption since it is flavourless. One can mix it into a smoothie, make protein cakes out of them, or pure protein shakes that can be a tasty customisable way to consume it. The added digestive enzymes in the whey protein make it easier to digest and help in absorption within the body. It has abundant nutrients since it is very minimally processed to retain all of its natural qualities.

Everyone must have a handy gadget on the kitchen shelf to whip cream for ice cream, shakes, cake toppings etc. Get one for yourself at Cream Charger Warehouse.

3) Nutrabay Pure 100% Whey Protein Concentrate

This powder is cheap and best whey protein for its muscle maintenance qualities. It also helps in faster recovery from injuries and muscle loss. It is loaded with amino acids and BCAAs that help in the wear and tear process by fast repair and preventing further sores. This product is the best whey protein to keep one energised and motivated. It can effectively increase stamina by preventing aches. It is pure whey protein, therefore, has no additives or preservatives. The L-arginine helps in blood circulation and therefore improves the spread of oxygen throughout the body. This process keeps the body fresh and leads to less tiring.

4) XLR8 Whey Protein Cookie and Cream Flavour

This product is the cheapest whey protein that comes in an attractive cookie and cream flavour for those who love flavoured options. It is the best cheap whey protein for 908 grams that can last for a long time. It helps achieve lean muscles and effectively repair and maintain them. It is specially made for athletes and requires only 34 grams per shake. It complies with GMP standards and is one of the safest whey protein powders available to the public. Customers have recommended this product for its amazing flavour and no added sugar benefits. There is also no lump formation on mixing with water or milk.

This list of the best cheapest whey protein was created after careful consideration of products through thorough research and verification. They have the best qualities and the safest checks from various commendable authorities who have attained their ranks. Customers also recommended these products for their features and how they produce results in a short amount of time that gives them an edge over the rest of the products available online.

 

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DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES FOR BABIES ACCORDING TO AGE

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DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES FOR BABIES ACCORDING TO AGE

What are developmental milestones?

During the first year of life, babies grow and develop quite fast. Parents are advised to keep an open eye for every milestone their baby achieves and compare it with expected milestone achievement charts according to their baby’s age. This comparison will help parents in spotting if their baby is going ahead or lagging behind. If you are concerned about any developmental delays in your baby you should immediately visit a Child specialist in Lahore for their proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Take a look below to know about all the milestones that your baby will develop in the first few years of their life.

●      Milestones at 1 month:

A month old baby should be able to:

  1. Bring hands within range of their mouth and eyes
  2. Keep hands in tight fists
  3. Make arm thrusts
  4. Move their head from side to side when lying on stomach
  5. Recognise few sounds
  6. Prefer seeing human faces
  7. Focus at least 8 inches
  8. May turn towards familiar voices
  9. Recognise the scent of their mother’s breast milk
  10. Prefer soft sensations and dislike rough handling

●      Milestones at 3 months:

A 3 month old baby should be able to:

  1. Raise their head along with chest when lying on stomach
  2. Support upper body while lying on stomach
  3. Bring their hand to their mouth
  4. Catch dangling objects with hands
  5. Hold and shake hand toys
  6. Begin babbling
  7. Turn their head towards the direction of sound
  8. Use hands and eyes in coordination
  9. Develop a social smile
  10. Enjoy playing with people
  11. Imitate a few sounds and facial expressions

●      Milestones at 7 months:

A 7 month old baby should be able to:

  1. Roll from front to back and back to front
  2. Sit with and without support of their hands
  3. Support her whole body weight on her legs
  4. Transfer toys or objects from one hand to another
  5. Recognise and respond to their own name
  6. Express displeasure and joy with their voice
  7. Explore things with hands and mouth
  8. Enjoy playing with parents and other people

●      Milestones at 1 year:

A 1 year old baby should be able to:

  1. Crawl forward
  2. Sit without assistance
  3. Change their position from sitting to crawling
  4. Pull themselves up to stand
  5. Walk by holding onto furniture
  6. Put objects in and out of the container
  7. Walk at least a few steps without support
  8. Understand and respond to simple verbal requests
  9. Say “Mama”
  10. Find partially hidden objects
  11. Cries when mother or father leaves
  12. Repeat sounds and gestures
  13. Finger feed themself

●      Milestones at 2 years:

A 2 year old baby should be able to:

  1. Walk on their own and run
  2. Walk up and down the stairs with support
  3. Kick a ball
  4. Build tower of blocks
  5. Carry a few toys while walking
  6. Recognise familiar sounds, words, objects and people
  7. Use and understand simple phrases
  8. Begin sorting colors and shapes
  9. Become enthusiastic when accompanied by other children
  10. Imitate adult’s behaviour

●      Milestones at 4 years:

A 4 year old baby should be able to:

  1. Catch a bounced ball
  2. Hop and stand on one foot for more than 5 seconds
  3. Move forward and backward fast
  4. Copy shapes
  5. Use scissors
  6. Have a sense of time
  7. Speak clear sentences
  8. Recall and tell stories
  9. Dress and undress themself
  10. Cooperate with other children and people

Every child is different so their developmental patterns are different too. The developmental milestones that we have listed above will give you an idea of when you should expect your child to develop them.

But we suggest that parents shouldn’t be alarmed if their child’s development is taking a slightly different course. However they should still be in touch with Child specialist in Karachi to stay on the safe side.

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