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What is the Average Speed Test for the Internet?

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Average Speed Test for the Internet

In general, fast internet service has a large Mpbs count.

  • Things To Know before starting in:

There is no such thing as a “good” internet connection, but you will most likely require a download average speed 12 megabits per second (Mbps) to effectively browse the web.

Internet speeds are often classified into three categories: basic, average, and advanced.

If you have multiple devices connected to your internet at the same time, you’ll require internet speeds of around 25 Mbps to handle them.

Let’s dive into details:

The world of internet speeds may be somewhat confusing. This is particularly true when looking for a new internet service provider or data package and are bombarded with facts and pricing sheets.

The speed of the internet is commonly measured in megabits per second (Mbps). There is no such thing as the ideal internet speed, but in general, the greater your Mbps, the better you’ll browse.

The speed you desire will be determined by what you use the internet for and how many devices will be connected to the internet at the same time.

Checking your email, for example, uses significantly less internet bandwidth (and so requires less speed) than downloading files or streaming a film.

Of course, you don’t typically use the internet just for one thing at a time — in fact, you certainly don’t even use one device at a time.

You may also want faster internet speeds if you frequently video conference or share documents. Check your internet speed here on speedtest.

Here’s a chart to assist you to figure out what speeds you’ll require.

  • “Average” internet speeds, Explained

The average internet download speed is between 12 and 25 Mbps. This is what the majority of individuals in the United States have.

However, there are more options: “basic” service ranges from 3 to 8 Mbps download speed, while “advanced” service exceeds 25 Mbps (which the FCC also defines as “fast internet”).

Keep in mind that internet service providers may have various requirements for download and upload speeds. Download speeds are often faster, so that’s what you’ll hear advertised. Investigate both upload and download speeds to determine your best alternative.

For comparison, the FCC specifies a minimum upload speed of 3 Mbps for fast internet. Upload speeds typically range between 1 and 15 Mbps.

To determine what kind of internet speeds you’ll require, consider how you use the internet and how it falls down in the broad scheme of things:

  • Minimal internet use: When you only use the internet for basic tasks such as email, newspaper reading, rudimentary video, phone calls, and music streaming.
  • Moderate usage: You engage in all of the activities listed under “Light” usage, as well as one of the ones that follow: streaming HD video, multi-party teleconferencing, video gaming, or freelancing.
  • High usage: You do everything in the “minimal” usage category as well as more than one of the “Moderate” uses.

If you want to utilise the internet on a regular basis, you’ll probably want to stick with average speeds of 12 to 25 Mbps.

If your family has a single user who only uses one device at a time and you fall into the moderate usage category, you might definitely get by with basic service speeds.

However, if you have four or more people or devices connected at the same time, or if you often stream 4K video or transfer huge files, you should certainly upgrade to advanced service speeds.

Even if you keep to a specific usage category, you may want to opt for higher speed to have more versatility in how you use the web. The higher your download speeds, the more apparent the difference in your internet experience.

So, if you’re trapped between two solutions with only a variation of, say, 10 Mbps, you probably won’t notice much of a change. However, if you go with a fibre-optic line, you may discover speeds ranging from 100 to 2,000 Mbps, so the contrast will be significant.

Fibre-optic internet is also less prone to slowdowns, so keep that in mind while making your pick.

Again, there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all internet plan or an average internet speed. This all will be determined by how much data you utilise.

 

 

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IQ OQ PQ: Quick Introduction

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IQ OQ PQ: Quick Introduction

When it comes to meeting regulatory requirements, sometimes the laundry list of abbreviations and terminologies involved in the validation process can be pretty confusing.  Even though IQ OQ PQ may not easily trip off your tongue, we can’t overestimate its importance in the quality assurance and qualification process.

To help you get started, we’ve put together a quick introduction to IQ OQ PQ.

What is IQ OQ PQ?

IQ OQ PQ stands for Installation Qualification, Operational Qualification, and Performance Qualification, respectively.  It refers to a series of sequential steps, procedures, or activities that heavily regulated industries must undertake to validate their new pieces of equipment, processes, and utilities.

The emphasis is on qualification, which encompasses the activities or procedures you must carry out to demonstrate that your equipment, processes, or utilities perform correctly and are suitable for their intended purpose.  Typically, you must undertake these critical steps before starting mass-production of highly regulated products like medical devices, vaccines, or medications.

The quality assurance process is broken into three phases: Installation Qualification (IQ), Operational Qualification (OQ), and Performance Qualification (PQ). Together, they’re known as IQ OQ PQ.

You can think of IQ OQ PQ as a set of activities.  The most important outcome of all three phases is a critical document that serves as evidence that qualification requirements have been met.

IQ OQ PQ is often an integral part of current good manufacturing practices (cGMP), so keeping accurate, complete, and verifiable records is vital.  IQ OQ PQ must follow the ALCOA rule of collecting data, meaning the records must be Attributable, Legible, Contemporaneous, Original, and Accurate.

What is Installation Qualification (IQ)?

As you might already suspect, IQ is the first step in the validation process. It involves acquiring and documenting evidence that the equipment has been delivered and set up on premises with supporting systems according to design specifications.

This phase aims to confirm that equipment specifications coincide with those provided by the process design (i.e., the equipment manufacturer).  This step also ensures that the piece of equipment has been correctly transported, delivered, and installed. Issues to check during the IQ phase may include:

  • Verifying the right piece of equipment was delivered
  • Determining if parts are missing or damaged
  • Ensuring intended hardware has been appropriately configured and meets applicable software requirements
  • Determining that material construction matches the design specifications

In practice, if you are adding a new piece of equipment, the design specifications should define precisely what is in it. That means everything from the exact materials used to make the item to the kind of power source it accepts.

IQ is a way of testing the equipment’s materials and evaluating the means of accommodating it. So, first, the organization will consider the equipment material, construction, and other design specifications.  For instance, if you specified that your manufacturing equipment should be constructed from 304 stainless steel, you’ll have to conduct a test to verify it is indeed built using 304 stainless.

Likewise, if you noted a three force power motor in your design specifications, you must verify it is a three force power motor. The same goes for power requirements, power output, and power source – they must all be consistent with your design specifications.

What is Operational Qualification (OQ)?

Next in the validation process is operational qualification.  As the name suggests, this phase is vital for challenging and verifying the operating parameters of the equipment, process, or utility after installation has been completed.

By definition, OQ is the process in which evidence is obtained and documented, often under controlled conditions, that the equipment and its supporting hardware and software perform as per the design specifications.  The goals for this phase are to verify that the equipment operates according to the design specifications, and determine how operational variables like pressure, humidity, and temperatures affect materials.

For example, if you specified that your machinery would run in the 100-200 RPM range, you’ll want to verify these operational parameters at this stage.  You can also determine if the safety systems are performing as described in the design specifications.  Are specified operating conditions resulting in desired outcomes?

For instance, if you ordered vaccine-grade freezers that meet the ultra-cold storage needs for the fully-approved Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, you must ensure that they will consistently maintain the ultra-freezing temperatures. The same is true of the equipment power usage and vaccine-holding capacity.

What is Performance Qualification (PQ)?

The third and final phase of the IQ OQ PQ validation process is performance qualification.  This step puts your new piece of equipment to the most crucial test: performance challenge!

Technically speaking, PQ is the phase that involves the collection and documentation of evidence that the equipment will consistently perform as intended.  Does your new utility, equipment, and its supporting system, as set up, perform according to the approved process specifications and method?

As you may have noticed, PQ sounds much like OQ.  Both involve challenging the equipment’s operational performance.  But there is a subtle difference. In the PQ phase, the equipment is challenged under real-world load rather than being tested under controlled conditions (i.e., when empty).

For instance, you can check that the equipment runs at a specified RPM when empty during the OQ phase.  But, at the PQ stage, you want to know if it indeed performs at the same RPM when processing actual products. Can the machine still achieve 200 RPM with 100 tons of materials?

The primary aim of the PQ phase is to test the equipment under authentic process conditions. One of the issues organizations check during this step may include if the process limits established during the operational qualification phase result in repeatable and stable production of desired products.

The phase can also dwell on the variability in results and process under many different conditions, such as when capacity is near empty, half capacity, and at full capacity.

When your equipment has successfully gone through and passed the three critical validation phases, it is ready for use in under intended process conditions.

Conclusion

IQ OQ PQ is a stepwise process that involves the three key phases of process or equipment validation: installation qualification, operational qualification, and performance qualification.  These cGMP protocols are all designed to validate that the equipment is well-made, installed correctly, and operates as intended.

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How Simplex Helps You to Buy Bitcoin

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How Simplex Helps You to Buy Bitcoin

If you think that the right time for trading Bitcoin is now, then you are on the right track. There is no other good chance that you can get to buy, sell, or invest in Bitcoin if you don’t take a step forward right now. With payment methods like Simplex, you will buy any cryptocurrency and pay the fee using a Simplex debit card. You don’t have to worry about an account as none will be required.

Everything you need to know about the benefits of using Simplex to buy bitcoin is discussed below. You can read through to understand all you need to know to make a wise decision.

What is Simplex?

As said earlier, Simplex is a legal financial institution that allows users all over the globe to use all kinds of payment methods, for instance a Simplex Visa card. All thanks to technology, the crypto world has been fully protected from fraud and is now fully legitimate due to Simplex.

How Does Simplex Buy Bitcoin work?

Simplex was built by professional tech-savvy staff. To say that the financial institution is a good one for buying Bitcoin would be an understatement. Simplex buy bitcoin is simply perfect.

The branded Al algorithm that is used by Simplex learns all the online transactions made online. It collects raw information from all users or even transactions and uses it to lessen scams. When it detects any kind of doubtful transaction, it reroutes it to be verified further via email.

Simplex Buy Bitcoin Procedure

The simplex bitcoin process is very easy as long as you have the right steps to follow. If you don’t know these steps, you should continue reading as we have provided all of them.

The first step you take to simplex buy bitcoin is opening the interface and clicking on the buy crypto button. You then need to select the bitcoin wallet that will be used to store the bitcoin after purchase. After that, you choose the amount of Bitcoin you want to buy. A form will be provided for you to fill out, and after filling in the right information, you click pay now.

Benefits of using Simplex to Buy Bitcoin

There are a lot of advantages that come with buying Bitcoin using Simplex. If you decide to use Simplex bitcoin purchase, here are some of the benefits you will get:

  • Secure purchase of Bitcoins – All the networks that are used to make transactions are highly secured. The user will not have to worry about any loss of Bitcoin.
  • Purchase of debit cards immediately – The user can buy a Simplex debit card anytime they want and anywhere around the world.
  • Economic – The fees required to pay for the simplex services are very low and affordable for every Bitcoin purchaser.
  • Full-time client support – If in any case, you need any help with using simplex buy bitcoin, then they are always there to help you.

Conclusion

Now you know how simplex buy bitcoin works. If you are finding it difficult to buy BTC, you will only need to follow the provided procedure to receive Bitcoin instantly. A lot of fees will be saved and the whole process will be secure for you if you use Simplex.

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8 Online Side Hustles You Can Start While Keeping Your Day Job

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8 Online Side Hustles You Can Start While Keeping Your Day Job

Making money from home while keeping your day job is a dream scenario for many people. The good news is that the dream is getting easier to reach. In this digital era, having an online hustle is easier than ever before.

Better still, there are online side hustle opportunities for almost any type of interest, whether you’re into sports, cooking, or fashion. This article will discuss eight online side hustle ideas you can try from home.

1. Start Blogging

Blogging is one of the most popular ways to make money online. Starting a blog is easy. You can use a hosted service like WordPress.com or create a self-hosted WordPress. All you need is a WordPress hosting service and a domain name.

Once you’ve got your blog live, there are plenty of ways you can use it to make money. One of them is by selling advertisement space. You can use Google Adsense to place ads on your site. This is especially profitable if your blog gets a lot of traffic.

Another way is by posting sponsored content. This requires you to contact businesses, and if they’re interested, you’ll get paid to write reviews of their products and services.

2. Become a Freelancer

If you have other skills, such as writing, programming, or illustrating, consider becoming a freelancer. Many platforms, such as Fiverr and Upwork, are available to promote your service and develop your reputation.

The best thing about freelancing is that you can make money out of your hobbies as well. Plus, you get the freedom of choosing how many hours you work and where from.

3. Start a Dropshipping Business

If you’re imagining that opening an online shop means that you need a warehouse and a production facility, think again. Dropshipping business allows people to sell items without having to deal with the production or the distribution.

Here’s how it works. You look for products you want to sell from a dropshipping catalog or find customizable on-demand products, such as custom t-shirts. Then, you promote these products. When a buyer makes a purchase, you forward the order to the supplier, and they will take care of production and product delivery to the customer.

You get the profit from the price mark-up. The caveat is that you may get a slim profit margin as the dropshipping market can be very competitive.

4. Become an Affiliate Marketer

Affiliate marketers earn money by earning commission for bringing new customers to companies. To be an affiliate marketer, you first need a platform to spread the word from, whether it’s a blog, a YouTube channel, or a social media account.

After that, find a brand that matches your business persona and gives you a desirable commission. Once you’ve finalized a partnership, create content that attracts people to click on the affiliate link and buy the products.

5. Sell Your Photography

If your hobby is taking professional pictures, it’s possible to make money out of your photography.

The first way to sell your photographs is by promoting them as stock photos on websites like Shutterstock and 500px. You’ll earn commissions for the downloads.

Another way of selling your photos is by offering them as prints. However, you’ll need to build up your reputation first. Also, it’s easier if you have an online portfolio to showcase your work.

8 Online Side Hustles You Can Start While Keeping Your Day Job

6. Apply to Part-Time Jobs

Having a part-time job is similar to freelancing – you work another job outside your full-time one. However, part-time jobs don’t always come with the same flexibility and freedom compared to freelance jobs.

For example, you can apply to become a freelance writer. You will still have to accomplish the minimum work hours and fulfill a KPI.

On the other hand, part-time jobs like Uber online ride-hailing still give you work flexibility.

8 Online Side Hustles You Can Start While Keeping Your Day Job

7. Sell Products on Etsy

If you like to create handmade items in your spare time, you can make money by selling those items online. Etsy is one of the most popular websites to sell handcrafted items. It’s also easy to begin as all you have to do is create an account, set up your online store, and start selling.

8. Host a Podcast

Podcasts are a great way to entertain or provide valuable information to your target audience in an audio format.

To start one, pick a topic that interests you and use your free time to record a podcast. Then, create a website or use a podcast platform such as Anchor to publish it.

When it comes to monetizing your podcast, there are several ways to do so, just like blogging. You can combine the affiliate marketing method with your podcast to promote the product or service and the affiliate link together. Another way to earn money is by having sponsorship and advertisement.

Conclusion

Earning extra money outside your day job is becoming easier thanks to the internet. It’s even possible to do so from home with hustles like writing a blog and hosting a podcast.

To increase your motivation, pick a side hustle that matches your hobby or interest. For example, write a blog related to your hobby or sell photographs online to share your work with your audience.

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